Life on the mass
Scientists have long guessed the possibility of its life according to its proximity and similarity to Mars. Whether it is already life or whether it had existed before, is still an open question. In fact, mars is a planet with another life, or it’s not even possible to find out a finality. You will find more information about in this article.well ,then with this currious letter, we get into knowledge.
Mars Polar Ice Coverage was studied in the mid-17th century, discovered by William Herschel in the late 18th century, during the course of the summer and winter periods, in transition and contraction. Astronomers have found that in the middle of the nineteenth-century astrophysicists have similar characteristics to the Earth. For example, the Mars’s day is similar to Earth’s day. Its axial pathway is similar to the Earth, and its seasonal changes are much like the Earth, but due to the high rotational time of Mars, it is almost double the time between the two. These studies, as well as the illumination of the dark Alliwian waters, were also brilliant in the study. So it was natural to believe that there were some kind of life on Mars.
In 1854, Philip Lloeterton, a Cambridge Tri-Static student, popularly known as the Scientist, Theoretically stated that waves and life exist. In the late 19th century, the Telescope observations revealed the canals displayed by the telescopes, giving new insights into the life expectancy. But these were later revealed by the ideologues. In 1895, American astronomer Purveyor Lowell, who published the book “Mars and it’s Canals,” stated that these canals were the result of a civilization of the past. These comments British writer H.G. Wells “In 1897, the book The War of the World was inspired by Martian scientists to describe the planet Mars that came to earth to invade Earth.
In 1894, spectral observation was shown by American astronomer William Wallace Campbell that no longer oxygen or water exists in Mars’s atmosphere. The most powerful telescopic observations of 1909 and the best anticipation since 1877 put an end to the idea of canals.
Photographs from the Mariner 4 survey in 1965 showed that the Mars had no dry, muddy and nasty planet. It was further revealed that (on the photographed site) the surface of Mars was hit by craters. This confirms that there was no soil erosion caused by any construction or weather disruption over the past 4 billion years. Also, the information from the exploration plane revealed that the surface of Mars was not a magnetic field to protect the planet from the most damaging cosmic rays of life. Its atmospheric pressure was very low between 4 and 7 millibar. This means that the water on the Mars can not survive. After the Mariner 4, the life-search experiments on Mars were a new direction. Investigations on the abandonment of multi-celled life were investigated as if there was a life-size bacterial life. Because the Mars surface was very acute for multi-cellular life.
The Viking Test of Life on Mars
In the mid-1970s, Viking’s exploration was primarily aimed at protecting the surface-to-surface life of Mars using the miniature search equipment on the aircraft. These devices were specially designed, In the soil of the mars, some microbial life is possible so that they can catch them. The most difficult factor in the work of this exploration was the Nasa scientists’ knowledge of surface conditions. In view of the limited knowledge acquired at the Mariner-4 exploration, NASA’s Viking Operation was designed to test the living conditions compared with the Earth. However, the results of the four major tests carried out showed that carbon dioxide production increased. This was confirmed during the search for water and nutrients in the soil. Although it is said that this is evidence of life on the surface of Mars, some scientists have rejected this. Adding that they could produce carbon dioxide because of the chemicals that make superoxides. Their argument was that the increase in carbon dioxide could be possible even without life. But it argued that NASA had argued in favor of its claim. The exploration drill’s air, As much as just getting scanned on a spectrum, Saying that the metabolic organisms were not sampled and tested. Viking project designer “Gilbert Levin” expressed his support for this publication. The purpose of the Viking Project was to test whether there was any evidence for the surface of the planet or not to test the presence of the living.
In reviewing the thirty-year-old Viking survey data, modern biochemical methods used suggested that the technique used in Viking was insufficient to cope with life. Or perhaps some of the methods used because the biological substances in the samples were dead. The main implication is that instead of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide, the life on Mars is more likely to be managed for their own existence. For example, hydrogen peroxide does not allow water molecules to cool down to -500 C°. This is a waterproofing situation. That is a favorable condition on a dry planet. Acetobacter peroxidans called acetic acid bacteria belonging to the peroxide. A well-known example.
Another argument is that during the deployment of the Viking spacecraft, the heat generated by the aircraft may have destroyed the life around it.
The mission of the Phoenix spacecraft
In May 2008, a Phoenix-based telecom operator would land on Mars’s poles. This mission has two basic objectives. One is to test the living areas on which the living rocks are likely to inhabit the microorganisms. The other is to study the geological history of water on the mars. This vessel has a robot arm of 2.5m, capable of squeezing a trench of 0.5m on the propagation rocks. In this hand, a camera is mounted and, by doing so, it can be clearly shown that the material is sampled on the corroses, thereby bringing the samples. This has avoided a great deal of mistakes in designing Viking aircraft. This spacecraft has a large spectrum, light microscope, and atomic force microscope to detect volatile organic compounds up to 10 ppb. If the devices are working properly, an electrochemical test will be carried out by scientists to find that the ions of the propellant are the antioxidant types and size of the membranes. Meanwhile, NASA scientist Carol Stroker was reported to have different effects on oxidative latencies on Mars. In less than 1 of Viking, you can see minor oxidizing agents. It says that it is farther north. Phenix will land in the far north. Phoenix landing is expected to bring at least 50,000 years old or perhaps millennium-old samples since the density of the bass (sediment) increase. In the past, Stocker says that this test is very important to think of any kind of life because of the warmth on Mars.
Unlike the Mars Exploration Rovers using the paddindzer rooftop or airbag with Airbags (cushioned) capsules, Viking landing protested, but the Phoenix plane landed on the Viking Landing Scene. There is no doubt.
Some researchers in the book Imminent Discovery have commented that Phoenix has made an effort to find out the life on Mars in 1965, according to astronomers’ telescopes. In 1962, Earl C.sliper In the book MARS, The Photographer’s Story, by Slipief, he describes a dark blue coat that is widespread on the constellations of the French Poles in mars. Phenix will land at a place where a mystery could be resolved.
Life-detection on Mars
NASA plans to launch the astrobiology field laboratory in 2019 to answer questions about life on the mars. The Mars Exploration and Payload Analysis Group determines what kind of tests will be performed in this mission.
Research by Mars Global Surveyor in late 1990s (unlike the Earth) has no global magnetic field that can be further confirmed by the Mars, and therefore, the organisms are vulnerable to the surface of the cosmic ray. Also, scientists suspect that the solar winds have destroyed the atmosphere of Mars because of the global magnetic field that has devastated Mars in the past few years.
In recent years studies on the ALH84001 Mars Meteorite have produced a variety of hypotheses and have confirmed that it has fossilized microbes. Other scientists tend to explain these findings based solely on chemical processes. Both of these are undergoing controversy within the scientific community. Although it is believed that life could have existed in other meteorous Mars, such as” Nakhla meteorites”, it has not yet been found.
Further proof of the presence of extremophiles on Mars is from satellite analysis images. It has been suggested that biological evidence of abnormalities and losses in the black margins of the Mars States may be biological.
Haloarchaea is suggested to be another kind of life on Mars. Because the Mars air pressure is less than the triple point of the water, freshwater life cannot continue.
Liquid water on Mars
After Viking, none of the Mars rocket rocks were directly subjected to life’s test. NASA’s recent operations have focused on another issue. In the past, there were some of the reservoirs or ocean riches in the past. Scientists have discovered a water-borne hormone, Hymenite. Many scientists have existed for a while, but other ideas have come to light that this is the result of various geological shapes. For example, wind erosion, oxygen, marine life. The role of the Mars Exploration Rovers in 2004 was not to look at the present or past life but to examine the evidence of the water that was in the past.
In June 2000, there was evidence that the lintels flow under the surface of Mars. The deeper subsoormal water deposits near the fluid in the planet may create an environment for the present living organisms. However, in March 2006, astronomers discovered similar lakes on the Moon, and it is believed that liquid water never existed. Scientists now suggest that these rims are a result of micrometeorite. In 2004, NASA announced that the rover was able to detect evidence that the Mars wetlands were in the past. This raised hopes that information on ancient life could be found.
The Mars Global Surveyor discovered photographs that could have been suspected of spilling water from Mars on December 2006. Of course, these did not show flood flow. These were shown by the craters and the sludge mud, which showed the strongest testimony that the water flowed a few years ago, perhaps even now flowing. Surface characteristics are seen by spacecraft Some scientists are suspicious of the reason that the reasons for the divergence are the liquid water. They say that even sand and dust can cause similar results due to floods. These findings were published on December 8, 2006, “journal science”.
Methane on the Mars
Because the methane gas cannot remain in the Mars atmosphere for more than hundred years, its present existence indicates that it regroups due to unknown waves or geological processes, or produces methane from a carbon dioxide and a hydrogen metabolism by a type of extremophile life seen on Earth.
In 1969, the data from Mariner 7, a scientist at the University of California at Berkeley, Piment and Dr. Kenneth Hurw published the presence of methane and ammonia in the atmosphere in the Martian atmosphere. But this resumption was resumed after about a month, due to the possibility of misinterpretation due to the spectral lines that can be obtained by digested carbon dioxide.
In March 2004, Mars Ospres, the orbiting ESA, that methane was discovered in the Mars region. This was in 2003 by the infrared telescope of Hawaii UK and Chile’s Jameson South experiment.
Some believe that the process of serpentine production is carried out under the specific process called liquid water and olivine, and serpentinization occurs in the mice of the roots, and therefore, the formation of methane to explain the observations.
In February, the European Space Agency’s Mars Express Orbiter’s Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (PFS) detected a substantial amount of formaldehyde that was usually expected, and this was a powerful hint for other explanations, such as microcosm.
These protests are being seriously debated. Suspicions about these benchmarks suggest that PFS data has been misinterpreted.
Ammonia on Mars
In the Mars atmosphere, ammonia remains unstable for only a few hours. There is no such thing as ammonia in the Mars atmosphere without life-relationship, “said a NASA scientist. The disclosure of Ammonia will be very important to the debate about whether life on Mars is life-threatening. In 1969, the data from Mariner 7, a scientist at the University of California at Berkeley, Pentent and Dr. KennethHar announced the presence of methane and ammonia in the atmosphere in the Mars atmosphere. But this resumption was resumed after about a month, due to the possibility of misinterpretation due to the spectral lines that can be obtained by digested carbon dioxide.
In July 2004, a trustee of the Planetory Fourier Spectrometer (PFS), scientist Vittorio Formisano, announced that revealing ammonia would be disclosed in a nearby session. But it was clear later that such a thing was not discovered. Some later claimed that PFS could not be separated from ammonium carbon dioxide.
Silica On Mars
In May 2007, scientists say that Martyr Spears met a testimony of the past, which is one of the most suitable sources of life for Mars. This is a phenomenon that occurs when hot water bubbles or steam volcanic rocks collide. Rover, chief scientist Steve Pickways, says that places like bacteria are common on Earth. “We are enthusiastic about this” he declared in a meeting of the American Geological Physics Union (AGU).This area is very rich in silica, the main constituent to make glass. Scientists have determined that there are two ways to produce these bright elements. First, water drain silicate and transfer it from one location to another location by melting hot seafood (second hot water springs), separating the chemical elements from acidic gases that rise from rock falls. The important thing is whether it’s an assumption, whether it was an implacable environment for the past in the past. ” Professor Skuyers declared to BBC News service. Hot water induces microbial life, and silica deposits protect them on land. “Take a look at the hot air bubbles or a fly on the planet. They are full of life. Microbial, “says Squares.